Are you about to start designing the interiors of your home and know nothing about it? Are you disinterested in lengthy, theoretical articles but want to have some knowledge about the so-called principles of interior design? If the answer to these questions is in the affirmative, then read on to get a simple idea about these principles.
The concept of interior design is based on strong fundamental principles. Designing is not a slip shod attempt at putting things together under one roof and making the place look “nice”. The interiors of a place have to be based on aesthetics and the ability to organize things in a manner that has visual appeal. Whether undertaken by a professional designer or as a do-it-yourself exercise, interior designing incorporates modern trends along with traditional concepts to make the place appear beautiful at least to the owners themselves. The principles governing design provide a broad framework for beauty within the enclosure in question, be it a home, a room or an office, and are based on concepts drawn from architecture, product design and the environment.
The four basic principles of interior design include:
When we talk about balance, the implication is to place things in a room in a manner that displays an even distribution of weight, not literally, but as visible to the eye. The idea being to evenly distribute the decorative effects so as to create some kind of equilibrium. The traditional concept of balance implied symmetrical balance in which similar objects were placed on two sides of an imaginary vertical axis that split the room into two along the center. The modern concept of balance is asymmetrical since it does not use identical objects but merely objects of similar visual weight on two sides. This makes the ambience less formal and more trendy, even though asymmetrical balance is not easy to accomplish.
Proportion and Scale
Proportion and scale are extremely important since they help to establish the ratio between the size of objects placed to the size of the room and to each other. These help in enhancing visual appeal. Both principles are kept in mind while buying and placing objects. Thus larger rooms get larger chairs or instance and proportionate tables and accessories placed with them. Keeping small objects in a large room would upset the scale while small objects next to large ones would disturb the proportion.
Rhythm is a principle applied not just to music but to designing interiors as well. Rhythm determines the flow pattern in the room by keeping the elements together. It is established with colors, patterns and textures. Good rhythm is said to be exist in a room that attracts attention to one focal point and then moves along to other attributes. Rhythm brings continuity through repetitive use of shades and textures without becoming monotonous and unappealing. It reveals the sense of harmony and coordination with the aid of colors, textures and forms that are repeated or are progressively enhanced or diminished.
Every part of the home and the interiors has to have a focal point, which is more significant and other parts that are given lesser importance. This is what emphasis implies. Focal points are the centers of interest more significantly than others. Emphasis has to be laid on seating arrangements in the living room for example, and on the dining set in the dining room, and lesser stress on tables in the living room. The shades of the walls and the curtains and everything else will then be accessorized according to these focal points. A work of art at the entrance will again be a point of emphasis and everything coordinated to highlight it.
Based on these basic principles of design, the room begins to shape up as a unified whole with visual appeal, some kind of order, harmony in the midst of variety, and a distinct taste of the elements.